Learning objectives


  • Diagnosing acute nose and sinus infections.

  • Explaining therapeutic options and planning patient follow-up.

  • Knowing how to diagnose acute sinusitis based on pain features, nasal obstruction, unilateral rhinorrhea, rhinoscopy data, radiology, and general signs.

  • Knowing how to recognize ethmoiditis, especially in infants and children.

  • Recognizing infectious complications involving surrounding structures (orbital, ocular, and cranial).

  • Knowing that chronic serous rhinitis, chronic nasal obstruction, and sneezing are suggestive of nose and sinus allergies.

  • Knowing the limits of standard sinus radiology; knowing the indications for computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, and how to prescribe them.

  • Knowing how to prescribe symptomatic treatment for acute epidemic rhinitis.

  • Knowing the pathogens usually involved in acute sinusitis for a probabilistic approach to antibiotic therapy.

  • Knowing how acute sinusitis is monitored and what use to make of imaging.